By Shingai Nyoka, BBC News, HARARE
Zimbabweans are voting in presidential and parliamentary elections after a campaign dominated by the country’s soaring inflation.
The day has been declared a holiday to allow the 6.62 million registered voters a chance cast a ballot.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa faces 10 challengers, including Nelson Chamisa of the main opposition Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC).
A presidential candidate needs more than 50% of the vote to win.
If there is no outright victor, a presidential run-off will be held in six weeks on 2 October.
It is first election since the death of Robert Mugabe, the man who dominated Zimbabwean politics and the ruling Zanu-PF party for decades.
He died in 2019 nearly two years after he was ousted in a military takeover and replaced by his deputy, Mr Mnangagwa.
Polling stations opened at 07:00 local time (05:00 GMT) and voters are also choosing local councillors.
Ahead of voting day, election officials were setting up polling stations in the capital, Harare, and removing political posters that were in close proximity to comply with electoral laws.
Police have been deployed around the country to maintain peace and order, and their numbers will be bolstered by prison officers, according to police chief Godwin Matanga.